Zerere (Ruvara)

Zerere (Nge.: Green) rumbishi, ruvara rwokutanga (primary colour), uye huri pakati peungu nehuroro pane sipekitirumu inoonekwa. Zerere nderimwe ruvara rwokutanga yekuwedzera kana kusanganisa kuti mamawe mavara agadzirwe, pamwe chete netsvuku uye ungu. Nechakakura zvikuru, ruvara rwezerere runowanikwa muzvisikwa zvakadyarwa seKurorofiwu kana Zererefi (chlorophyll), kemikari inoshandiswa nezvidyarwa parukanerujeko (photosynthesis) ne kushandura chiedza chezuva kuita simba remakemikari. Zvisikwa zvakawanda zvino shanduka kutora hyu yezerere yenharaunda sechifukidzo kana kamofuraji (camourflage). Zvicherwa (maminarausi) zvakawanda zvine ruvara rwezerere, kusanganisira iyo emerodhi, inopihwa ruvara rwayo rweshedhi yezerere nerhangi (chromium; chrome) yainayo.

Mashizha ezerere
Zerere
Mashedhi eZerere

Mune ongororo dzakaitwa muAmerika, Yuropu, uye nyika dzeIsiramu (Islam), zerere ndiro ruvara runowanzo batanidzwa nehunhu, hupenyu, hutano, uhwana, chitubu, tariro, negodo.[1] MuBatanidzo yeYuropu (Europe Union) neAmerika, zerere zvakare dzimwe nguva inosanganisirwa nehuturu uye hutano husina kunaka,[2] asi kuChayina nenzvimbo zhinji dzeEzhiya, masangano ayo akanaka kwazvo, sechiratidzo chekubereka uye mufaro.[1] Nekuda kwekudyidzana kwaro nemasikirwo, ihwo ruvara rwekufamba kwezvakatipoteredza. Mapato ezvematongerwo enyika anotsigira kuchengetedzwa kwezvakatipoteredza uye hutongi hwemagariro vanozvitsanangura pachavo sechikamu chezerere kufamba, vamwe vachizviti mapato ezerere.

Vambo rezitaEdit

EzhiyaEdit

Mune mimwe mitauro, kusanganisira Chichayina chekare, Chitai, Chijapani chekare, neChivhiyetinamu, shoko rimwe rinogona kureva Ungu (bhuruu) kana Zerere.[3]

ChiyinaEdit

Hunhu hweChayina shoko rekuti: rinosheedzwa se:

  • qīng MuChimandirini,
  • Ao MuChijapani,
  • thanh MuChisino-Vhiyetinamu

Shoko iri rine chirevo chinofukidza zvese ungu ne zerere; ungu uye zerere zvakajairwa kutaridzwa mumvuri we "青". Mune mamwe mashoko epanguva ino, ivo (lán, MuChimandarini) uye (, muChimandarini) zvichiteerana.

ChijapaniEdit

Chijapani kana Chijapanisi, chinewo mashoko maviri anonongedzera chaizvo kuruvara rwezerere, (midori, iro rinotorwa kubva Chijapani chechinyakare chinotsanangura chiito midoru "kuva mumashizha; kukura" zvichireva miti).

Pamusoro pezvo pane shoko rekuti; グリーン (guriin, iro rakatorwa kubva kushoko reChirungu "green"). Nekudaro, kuJapani, kunyangwe marobhoti aine mavara akafanana needzimwe nyika, mwenje wezerere unotsanangurwa uchishandisa izwi rimwe chete seiri aoi zvichireva ungu, nekuti zerere inoonekwa semumvuri we-aoi; Saizvozvowo, zvakasvibirira zvakasiyana zvezvimwe michero nemiriwo senge maapuro ezerere, Shiso zerere (zvinopesana nemaapuro matsvuku uye Shiso tsvuku) zvinotsanangurwa neshoko rekuti aoi.

Asi muChijapani chemazuvano vane mashoko anosiyanisa ungu ne zerere, kunyangwe kana pane Kanji (mhando yemabhii eJapani) inonyorwa ichisanganisa mashoko acho dzimwe nguva.

  • aoi (ungu; blue)
  • midori (zerere; green)

ChivhiyetinamuEdit

Chivhiyetinamu kana Chivhiyetinamisi chinoshandisa shoko rimwechete kune ese mavara zerere ne ungu:

  • xanh,

nemhando dzakasiyana senge

  • xanh da trời

Vachireva azhuri (azure), zvichireva. "ungu yedenga",

  • lam (ungu), uye lục (zerere; zvakare xanh lá cây, zvichireva kuti; "shizha zerere").

Zvinhu zveZerereEdit

ZvicheroEdit

MavhejiEdit

MaruvaEdit

MhukaEdit

ChiBantuEdit

  • MuChitsonga vanoti Ruhlaza vachireva Zerere.
  • MuChiswahili vanoti Kinjani vachireva iyo Zerere
  • Chixhosa neChizulu Zerere ndi Luhlala
  • MuChivhenda mudala zvinoreva kuti Zerere.[4]

Mabviro eruzivoEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Heller 2009, pp. 87–104.
  2. Heller 2009, pp. 96-97.
  3. Paul Kay and Luisa Maffi, "Color Appearance and the Emergence and Evolution of Basic Color Lexicons", American Anthropologist, March 1999 [1]
  4. smlwardafterall, 'Mavara eChivhenda' Intro to Tshivenda. Yakatariswa: 19 Chikumi 2021