Algeria

Arujeria (Chirungu: Algeria; Chiarabhu: الجزائر (al-Jazā'ir), Chibhebha:ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ (Dzayer) kana sezvainozivikanwa Dhemokiratiki ripabhuriki yevanhu veArujeria inyika iri kuMaodzanyemba eAfurika, uye inyika yechiIziramu. Guta guru reArujeria rinonzi Aruja.[2] Rujeria inyika iri chikamu cheMagirebhu (Maghreb). Kumaodzanyemba rakaganhwa nebhaharireMedhiteraniyani, uye kumaodzanyembaemabvazuva rakaganhwa neTunisia, kumabvazuva neRibhiya uye neNaija kuchamhembechemaodzanyemba. Kuchamhembechemadokero neMaari neMoriteniya, kumadokero kweSahara yakaganhwa neMoroko.

Algeria
الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
ⵟⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵜⴰⵎⴻⴳⴷⴰⵢⵜ ⵜⴰⵖⴻⵔⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵜⴰⵣⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉⵜ
Algeria (orthographic projection).svg
Nasifla Presifla
Mitauro yekuMatare: Chiarabbu, Berber
Guta Guru: Algiers
Nharaunda: 2381741 km²
Hugari hweVanhu: 40,400,000[1] (2016)
Tsinhano yeHugari: 15.9 km²
I TLD: .dz
الجزائر.

Arujeria inyika hombe kwazvo muAfurika yese asi ruzhinji rwenyika yacho iGwenga reSahara.

Zita renyika rakatorwa kubva kuguta guru rakadaidzwa nezita rimwe chete rekuti "al-fill-ir" kana nyika nhasi ichienda kumutauro weChiarabhu.

Vambo rezitaEdit

Zita renyika rinobva kuguta reArujyezi iro rinobva kuchiarabhu al-Jazāʾir (الجزائر, "zvitsuwa"),[3] chimiro chakatemerwa chekare Jazāʾir Banī Mazghanna (جزائر بني مزغنة, "Zvitsuwa zveMadzinza eMazghanna"),[4][5][6] rinoshandiswa nevadzidzi vemajogiraidhi vekare senge al-Idrisi.

TaranyikaEdit

 
El Kantara Biskra Arujeria

Huwandu hwenyika yeArujeria ruri mugwenga, iro gwenga resahara riri kudivi rechamhembe, saka 20% yemaodzanyemba enyika ndiyo nzvimbo ine mamisha ehuwandu hwenyika yacho. Idzo nzvimbo dzacho dziri padhuze neMedhiteriyani Kosti uye neMakomo eAtirasi. Iyo Atirasi yakakura kusvika mamita 2,308 pamusoro pemwero webhahari (MB; sea level).

Gwenga resahara rinotanga kuAtirasi uye richienda kuchamhembe kwerijoni reusw, robva rateera eriya rinejecha pasina kana zvinomera. Kuchamhembe chenzvimbo dziri kumusoro, dzine matombo chete.

Kudzikirira kuchamhembe kunemakomo akaita seTassili n'Aijier neAhaggar dzakareba mamita 2,918 richiita sezvitsuwa zvezvimera mugwenga. Kune nzizi dziri kumaodzanyemba enzvimbo dziri kostaru. Mipata dzenzizi dzemukati dzakaoma, kunze kwekumashure kwekunge kwanaya, nzizi dzinesimba dzinooneka maawa anoteera.

Mamiro ekunzeEdit

 
Dhuni rejecha kuAhaggar Cultural Park crop

Nzvimbo irikuchamhembe ine mamiriro ekunze anoshandukwa neBhahari reMedhiteriyani. Hujoto pamwedzi waNyamavhuvhu unosvika ku25 ° C uye mumwedzi waNdira unosvika 12 ° C.

Mumakomo marefu kune chando chinotonhora uye kunogona kuwanikwa magodo emvura muzhizha raNdira asi kupisa kwacho kunokanyanya muna Chikunguru / Nyamavhuvhu.

Chamhemmbe cheAtirasi ndicho chinotanga mamiriro egwenga; hujoto hunogona kusvika pamusoro pe20 ° C muzuva rimwe. Muzhizha hujoto hwunodarika 40 ° C asi munguva yechando inodonha pasi pe ° C panguva dzeusiku.

Mvura inonaya yakanyanya kuderera: kunoita makore akateedzana pasina kana donhwe rimwe. Mumakomo eAhaggar mune puresipitesheni ishoma nekuda kwemhute, saka miti inenge yakati wandei nezvimwe zvinomera zviripo.

NhoroondoEdit

Nhoroondo yekareEdit

Kupinda kweMaarabhuEdit

MafurenjiEdit

RusunungukoEdit

Matunhu eArujeriaEdit

Kune nzvimbo 48 dzehutungamiriri dzinodaidzwa kuti matunhu, anowirirana zvakanyanya kumatunhu ari kune dzimwe nyika.

1 Adrar

2 Chlef

3 Laghouat

4 Oum el-Bouaghi

5 Batna

6 Béjaïa

7 Biskra

8 Béchar

9 Blida

10 Bouira

11 Tamanghasset

12 Tébessa

13 Tlemcen

14 Tiaret

15 Tizi Ouzou

16 Algiers

17 Djelfa

18 Jijel

19 Sétif

20 Saida

21 Skikda

22 Sidi Bel Abbes

23 Annaba

24 Guelma

25 Constantine

26 Médéa

27 Mostaganem

28 M'Sila

29 Mascara

30 Ouargla

31 Oran

32 El Bayadh

33 Illizi

34 Bordj Bou Arréridj

35 Boumerdès

36 El Tarf

37 Tindouf

38 Tissemsilt

39 El Oued

40 Khenchela

41 Souk Ahras

42 Tipasa

43 Mila

44 Aïn Defla

45 Naama

46 Aïn Témouchent

47 Ghardaïa

48 Relizane

MaGuta eArujeriaEdit

VanhuEdit

 
Maarabhu

Vazhinji vagari vane musanganiswa weropa rweArabhu neTibheria uye mashoma eropa reTeki neTibheria; vangangoita vese (98%) vanotevera chitendero cheIziramu.

MaKristu vanotora huwandu 1%, kusanganisira maPurotesitendi nemaKaturike, asi vamwe vanokundikana kubuda nekuda kwekutya kutambudzwa.

Mitauro yepamutemo ndeyeChiarabhu (72%) uye Chihebheru (27-30%), asi vazhinji vacho vanotaurawo Chifurenji.


Mabviro eruzivoEdit

  1. "Démographie (ONS)". ONS. 19 January 2016. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  2. L.Carl Brown, (8 Chikunguru 2021), 'Arujeria' Yakatariswa: 12 Chikunguru 2021
  3. LLC, Forbidden Fruits (30 January 2013). iAfrica – Ancient History UNTOLD. Forbidden Fruit Books LLC.
  4. Bazina, Abdullah Salem (2010). The spread of Islam in Sub-Saharan in Africa (in Arabic). Al Manhal. ISBN 978-9796500024. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  5. al-Idrisi, Muhammad (12th century) Nuzhat al-Mushtaq
  6. Abderahman, Abderrahman (1377). History of Ibn Khaldun – Volume 6.